Updated: May 24, 2022

Eggplants are a popular vegetable in many parts of the world. They are easy to grow and maintain, making them an excellent choice for gardeners of all levels. However, sometimes eggplant plants can start to wilt and die for no apparent reason. This article will explore the various reasons why your eggplant plant may be dying and what you can do to prevent it.

Common Causes of Eggplant Plant Death

Poor Soil Quality

Eggplants require well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. If the soil is too heavy, it can cause water to accumulate around the roots, leading to root rot. On the other hand, if the soil is too sandy, it may not retain enough moisture for the plant to thrive. To determine if your soil quality is poor, you can conduct a soil test or observe your plant’s growth. If your eggplant plant is stunted and has yellowing leaves, it may be a sign of poor soil quality.

Lack of Water

Eggplants require regular watering, especially during hot and dry weather conditions. If your eggplant plant is not receiving enough water, it can start to wilt and eventually die. To prevent this from happening, ensure that you water your plant regularly, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.

Pests and Diseases

Eggplants are susceptible to a variety of pests and diseases that can cause them to wither and die. Some common pests that attack eggplants include aphids, flea beetles, and spider mites. Additionally, diseases such as verticillium wilt and bacterial wilt can cause the plant to wilt and die rapidly. To prevent pest infestations and diseases from affecting your eggplant plant, ensure proper sanitation practices in your garden, such as removing any infected plants promptly.

Extreme Temperatures

Eggplants prefer warm temperatures, but they can also tolerate cooler weather conditions. However, if the temperature drops below 50°F, it can cause the plant to wilt and eventually die. Similarly, if the temperature is too high, it can cause the leaves to wilt and turn brown. To prevent this from happening, ensure that your eggplant plant is exposed to moderate temperatures and protect it from extreme weather conditions.

How to Save a Dying Eggplant Plant

If your eggplant plant is dying, there are several things you can do to revive it:

  • Water the plant thoroughly: If the plant is wilting due to lack of water, give it a thorough soak to ensure that the soil is moist.
  • Improve soil quality: If the soil quality is poor, amend it with organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure.
  • Control pests and diseases: If pests or diseases are affecting your plant, use appropriate insecticides or fungicides to control them.
  • Provide shade: If the temperature is too high, provide shade for your eggplant plant by using shade cloth or placing it in a location with partial shade.


Can I grow eggplants in containers?

Yes, you can grow eggplants in containers as long as the container is large enough to accommodate the plant’s root system. Use well-draining soil and ensure that the container has adequate drainage holes.

How often should I fertilize my eggplant plant?

Eggplants require regular fertilization during their growing season. Apply a balanced fertilizer once a month or use a slow-release fertilizer every three months.

Can I grow eggplants indoors?

While eggplants prefer warm temperatures, they can be grown indoors as long as they receive sufficient sunlight and warmth. Place them near a south-facing window or provide artificial lighting if necessary.

In conclusion, several factors can cause an eggplant plant to die, including poor soil quality, lack of water, pest and disease infestations, and extreme temperature conditions. By identifying the underlying cause and taking appropriate measures, you can revive a dying eggplant plant and ensure its healthy growth.