Updated: May 13, 2022

Eggplants, also known as aubergines, are a popular vegetable in many parts of the world. They are used in a variety of cuisines and are very versatile in terms of preparation. However, like any other plant, eggplants go through different stages of growth before they are ready for harvest. In this article, we will discuss the various stages of eggplant plant growth.

Germination Stage

The first stage of eggplant growth is the germination stage. At this stage, the eggplant seed sprouts and begins to grow roots and shoots. The seed is usually planted in soil that is moist and warm. It takes about 7-14 days for the seed to germinate and for the first shoots to appear.

Seedling Stage

Once the seed has sprouted and grown its first set of leaves, it enters the seedling stage. At this stage, the plant grows rapidly and produces more leaves. The root system also begins to develop and spread out in search of nutrients. The seedling stage lasts for about 3-4 weeks.

Vegetative Stage

The vegetative stage is when the eggplant plant really starts to take shape. The plant grows more stems and leaves, and begins to form buds that will eventually turn into flowers. The roots continue to grow deeper and wider in search of nutrients. During this stage, the plant requires regular watering and fertilization to support its growth.

Flowering Stage

The flowering stage is when the eggplant plant starts to produce flowers. These flowers are usually purple or white in color and are quite beautiful. They are also important because they attract pollinators like bees and butterflies, which help to fertilize the flowers and produce fruit.

Fruit Development Stage

After pollination, the flowers begin to turn into fruit. At first, the fruit is small and green, but it grows rapidly over the next few weeks. The eggplant fruit can vary in size and shape depending on the variety, but it usually takes on an elongated oval shape. The fruit will continue to grow until it is mature and ready for harvest.

Harvest Stage

The final stage of eggplant growth is the harvest stage. This is when the fruit is fully mature and ready to be picked. Harvesting should be done carefully to avoid damaging the plant or the fruit. Eggplants should be harvested when they are firm and shiny, with a deep color and no soft spots or blemishes.


When should I plant eggplant seeds?

Eggplant seeds should be planted indoors about 6-8 weeks before the last expected frost date in your area. They can then be transplanted outdoors once the soil has warmed up.

How often should I water my eggplant plants?

Eggplants require regular watering, especially during the hot summer months. They should be watered deeply about once a week or more often if the weather is particularly dry.

What kind of fertilizer should I use for my eggplant plants?

Eggplants require a balanced fertilizer that is high in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. A slow-release fertilizer can also be helpful as it will provide nutrients to the plant over a longer period of time.

In conclusion, understanding the different stages of eggplant growth is important for any gardener or farmer who wants to successfully grow and harvest this versatile vegetable. By providing optimal growing conditions such as proper watering, fertilization, and pest control, you can ensure that your eggplant plants reach their full potential and produce a bountiful crop.