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How to Grow Eggplant Plant Indoors

Updated: April 30, 2022

Eggplants, also known as aubergines, are popular vegetables that are used in various dishes worldwide. They are rich in vitamins and minerals, making them an excellent addition to any diet. Growing eggplants indoors can be a fun and rewarding experience, especially for those who live in areas with colder climates. In this article, we will discuss how to grow eggplant plants indoors.

Choosing the Right Eggplant Variety

There are several varieties of eggplants, and each one has its unique characteristics. Some eggplants produce fruits that are small and cylindrical, while others produce large and round fruits. Before choosing an eggplant variety, it is important to consider the following factors:

  • The size of the plant: Some varieties grow taller than others.
  • The size of the fruit: Some varieties produce larger fruits than others.
  • The time it takes for the plant to mature: Some varieties mature faster than others.

Once you have considered these factors, you can choose an eggplant variety that suits your needs.

Choosing the Right Container

When growing eggplants indoors, it is essential to choose the right container. The container should be large enough to accommodate the plant’s roots and allow for proper drainage. A 5-gallon container is ideal for growing one eggplant plant. It is also essential to choose a container made of a material that can withstand moisture without deteriorating. Plastic containers are an excellent choice for this purpose.

Preparing the Soil

Eggplants require well-draining soil that is rich in nutrients. Before planting your eggplant seeds, you will need to prepare the soil by mixing potting soil with organic compost or fertilizer. This will provide your eggplant plants with the necessary nutrients they need to grow healthy.

Planting Eggplant Seeds

Eggplant seeds should be planted in small pots or seed trays about six weeks before the last frost date. The seeds should be planted about ¼ inch deep in the soil and covered lightly with soil. Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged.

Caring for Eggplant Plants

Eggplant plants require regular watering and feeding to grow healthy. Water the plants when the soil feels dry to the touch, but do not overwater them as this can lead to root rot. You can feed your eggplant plants with a balanced fertilizer once a month to promote growth.

Harvesting Eggplants

Eggplants are ready to harvest when they are shiny and firm to the touch. To harvest them, use a sharp knife or scissors to cut them off the plant. Do not pull them off as this can damage the plant.


1. Can eggplants grow indoors?

Yes, eggplants can grow indoors as long as they receive enough sunlight and are planted in well-draining soil.

2. How many eggplant plants can I grow in a 5-gallon container?

It is recommended to grow one eggplant plant per 5-gallon container.

3. How often should I water my eggplant plants?

Water your eggplant plants when the soil feels dry to the touch, but do not overwater them as this can lead to root rot.

4. How do I know when my eggplants are ready to harvest?

Eggplants are ready to harvest when they are shiny and firm to the touch.

5. Can I grow eggplants in a small apartment?

Yes, you can grow eggplants in a small apartment as long as you have enough space and access to sunlight.

In conclusion, growing eggplant plants indoors is a fun and rewarding experience that anyone can enjoy. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can grow healthy and delicious eggplants in your home.