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Guide to Growing Coffee Plant in a Pot

Updated: July 11, 2022

Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world, and growing your own coffee plant can be a fun and rewarding experience. While it may seem daunting to grow coffee at home, it’s actually quite simple, especially if you have a pot and some good soil. In this guide, we will discuss everything you need to know about growing coffee plants in pots.

Choosing the Right Pot

When it comes to selecting a pot for your coffee plant, there are a few things to keep in mind. Firstly, make sure that the pot is large enough to accommodate the root system of your coffee plant. A good rule of thumb is to select a pot that is at least 12 inches wide and 18 inches deep.

Secondly, ensure that the pot has good drainage holes that allow excess water to drain away from the roots. This is important as coffee plants do not like sitting in waterlogged soil for too long.

Lastly, select a pot made of a porous material such as clay or terracotta. These materials allow air and moisture to pass through, promoting healthy root growth.

Soil Requirements

The soil you use for your coffee plant should be well-draining and nutrient-rich. A good mix to use is equal parts of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite.

Coffee plants prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH between 6.0 and 6.5. You can measure the pH level of your soil using a pH testing kit available at most garden centers.

Watering and Fertilizing

Water your coffee plant when the top 1-2 inches of soil feel dry to the touch. Avoid overwatering as this can lead to root rot.

Fertilize your coffee plant every two weeks during the growing season (spring and summer) with a balanced fertilizer. During the dormant season (fall and winter), reduce fertilization to once a month.

Light Requirements

Coffee plants prefer bright, indirect light. Avoid placing your coffee plant in direct sunlight as this can scorch the leaves.

If you’re growing your coffee plant indoors, place it near a window that receives bright but filtered light. If you’re growing your coffee plant outdoors, select a spot that receives morning sun and afternoon shade.


Prune your coffee plant regularly to promote healthy growth and shape. Remove any dead or yellowing leaves as well as any branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other.


Coffee plants can take up to five years to produce fruit. Once the plant begins to produce fruit (known as cherries), wait until they turn a deep red before harvesting. Pick the cherries by hand and remove the outer pulp to reveal the coffee beans inside.


Can I grow coffee plants indoors?

Yes, coffee plants can be grown indoors as long as they receive bright, indirect light and are not placed in a drafty area.

How often should I water my coffee plant?

Water your coffee plant when the top 1-2 inches of soil feel dry to the touch.

How long does it take for coffee plants to produce fruit?

Coffee plants can take up to five years to produce fruit.

Can I use regular potting soil for my coffee plant?

No, regular potting soil is not suitable for coffee plants as it does not provide adequate drainage. Use a well-draining mix of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite instead.

In conclusion, growing a coffee plant in a pot is easy and rewarding. With the right pot, soil, watering, light, pruning, and harvesting techniques, you can enjoy your own home-grown coffee beans in no time.