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What Are the Different Types of Coontie Plant

Updated: June 20, 2022

Coontie plants, also known as Zamia pumila, are native to Florida and the Caribbean. They are a type of cycad plant that produces attractive foliage and can be grown in a variety of settings, including gardens, containers, and as indoor plants. There are several different types of coontie plants available, each with unique characteristics and growing requirements.

Types of Coontie Plants

Florida Coontie (Zamia integrifolia)

The Florida coontie is a popular choice among gardeners due to its easy-to-grow nature and attractive foliage. This plant is native to Florida and is often found growing in sandy soils along the coast. It has dark green, glossy leaves that can grow up to 3 feet long and adds an exotic touch to any garden.

Dwarf Coontie (Zamia floridana)

The dwarf coontie is a smaller version of the Florida coontie, growing to only about 2 feet tall. This plant is perfect for those who want the beauty of a coontie but don’t have much space in their garden or home. It grows well in containers and has attractive bright green foliage.

Coontie Palm (Zamia furfuracea)

The coontie palm is a larger species of coontie that can grow up to 10 feet tall. It has a unique trunk that resembles that of a palm tree and large fronds that give it a tropical appearance. This plant is best grown outdoors in warm climates and requires regular watering to thrive.

Zamia pseudoparasitica

This type of coontie plant is native to Cuba and is known for its unique growth habit. It grows on other trees as an epiphyte, which means it doesn’t need soil to grow. Instead, it uses the tree’s bark as a substrate and grows upwards in search of light. This plant is a great conversation starter and adds a unique touch to any garden.

Growing Coontie Plants

Coontie plants are relatively easy to grow as long as they are provided with the right growing conditions. They prefer well-draining soil and partial shade, although some species can tolerate full sun. They are susceptible to root rot, so it’s essential to avoid overwatering them.

When growing coontie plants, it’s important to keep in mind that they are toxic if ingested. They contain cycasin, which can cause severe gastrointestinal distress if consumed. Therefore, it’s essential to keep these plants away from pets and children.


How often should I water my coontie plant?

Coontie plants prefer well-draining soil and do not like to be overwatered. Water them once a week during the growing season and reduce watering during the winter months.

Can I grow coontie plants indoors?

Yes, coontie plants can be grown indoors as long as they receive adequate light and are kept away from drafts. They prefer warm temperatures and high humidity.

Are coontie plants easy to propagate?

Yes, coontie plants can be propagated through division or by planting seeds. It’s best to propagate them in the spring or summer when they are actively growing.

Are coontie plants endangered?

Yes, some species of coontie plants are considered endangered due to habitat destruction and overcollection. It’s essential to purchase plants from reputable sources and avoid harvesting them from the wild.

In conclusion, coontie plants offer a unique addition to any garden or indoor space. With several different species available, there is a coontie plant for every gardening situation. By providing them with the right growing conditions, these plants can thrive and add beauty to any environment.