The vetiver plant is a popular choice for gardeners looking for a vibrant, low-maintenance addition to their home. With its attractive foliage and unique aroma, it’s not hard to see why this resilient plant is so popular. But in order to keep a vetiver plant healthy and happy, proper care is essential. Read on to learn all you need to know about vetiver plant care.
Best Fertilizer for Vetiver Plants
Vetiver plants require regular fertilization. The best fertilizer for a vetiver plant is a balanced liquid fertilizer applied every two weeks throughout the growing season. If the plant is grown in pots, you can use a slow-release fertilizer instead.
Best Soil for Vetiver Plants
Vetiver plants thrive in well-draining soil with a slightly acidic pH. The best soil for a vetiver plant should be light and airy, with plenty of organic matter. A good potting mix or topsoil should work well.
Different Types of Vetiver Plants
There are several varieties of vetiver plants available, each with its own unique characteristics. The most common type is Cymbopogon citratus, commonly known as lemon grass. Other popular varieties include Cymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) and Cymbopogon martinii (palmarosa).
What are some other names Vetiver Plants?
Vetiver plants are also known as khus khus, khas khas grass, and fragrant grass. In India they are called “the oil of tranquility” due to the calming properties of their essential oils.
Growth Rate of Vetiver Plants
Vetiver plants grow slowly but steadily and can reach up to 1.5 meters in height and width when mature. They prefer full sun and warm temperatures, but can tolerate partial shade as well.
How Much Light Do Vetiver Plants Need?
Vetiver plants prefer full sun or partial shade for optimal growth. If grown indoors, place them near a sunny window and rotate them occasionally so that all sides get an equal amount of light.
How Often to Water Vetiver Plants
Vetiver plants should be watered regularly during the growing season but not overwatered – water only when the soil is dry to the touch. During the winter months, water less frequently but still ensure that the soil remains moist.
How to Propagate Vetiver Plants
Propagating vetiver plants is easy – they can be propagated by division or by taking cuttings from mature plants. To divide a plant, simply dig up the roots and cut them into several sections before replanting them in separate pots or containers. To take cuttings, use a sharp knife or scissors to take 4-6 inch cuttings from mature stems and plant them in moist soil or vermiculite.
How to Prune Vetiver Plants
Pruning vetiver plants will help them maintain their shape and encourage new growth. Prune in early spring or late summer using sharp pruning shears – remove any dead or diseased leaves and prune back any stems that have become too long or unruly.
Humidity Conditions for Vetiver Plants
Vetiver plants prefer high humidity levels – around 80% humidity if possible – but will tolerate lower levels if necessary. To increase humidity levels around your vetiver plants, mist them daily with water or use a humidifier.
Ideal Pot Size for Vetiver Plants
When selecting a pot for your vetiver plant, choose one that is slightly bigger than the root ball of your plant – around 5-7 inches in diameter should do the trick. Make sure that the pot has drainage holes at the bottom to prevent root rot.
Ideal Temperature Conditions for Vetiver Plants
Vetiver plants prefer warm temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C). They cannot tolerate cold temperatures below 55°F (12°C). Keep your vetiver plant away from drafts, air conditioners, and heaters to ensure optimal growth and health.
Main Uses of Vetiver Plants
In addition to being an attractive decorative plant, vetiver plants also have many practical uses. Their leaves can be used in cooking or to make tea; their essential oils are used in aromatherapy; and their roots are often used in perfumes and cosmetics due to their distinct earthy aroma.
Repotting Tips for Vetiver Plants
Repotting your vetiver plant every year will help it stay healthy and encourage new growth. When repotting, use fresh potting mix and select a slightly larger pot than your current one – but make sure it has drainage holes at the bottom.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are Vetiver Plants Edible?
Yes. The leaves of vetiver plants are edible and can be used in cooking or made into tea. They have an earthy flavor similar to lemongrass or ginger.
Are Vetiver Plants Toxic to Cats and Dogs?
No – vetiver plants are not toxic to cats or dogs if ingested in small amounts. However, it is best to keep your pets away from these plants just in case they decide to nibble on them.
Do Vetiver Plants Prefer To Grow Indoors Or Outside?
Vetiver plants can be grown both indoors and outdoors with equal success – just make sure they have enough sunlight and warmth.
Are Vetiver Plants Poisonous?
No, vetiver plants are not poisonous – however, it’s best to keep them away from children and pets just in case they decide to nibble on them.