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How to Propogate Gardenia Plant the Right Way

Updated: June 14, 2022

Gardenias are beautiful, fragrant flowers that add a touch of elegance to any garden. They are perfect for those who love to have a sweet-smelling garden. Propagating gardenias is not difficult, but it does require some patience and care. In this article, we will discuss how to propagate gardenias the right way.

Choosing the Right Time for Propagation

The best time to propagate gardenias is in the early spring or late fall. During these seasons, the plant is in its dormant phase, making it easier to handle.

Propagation Methods

There are two primary methods for propagating gardenias – stem cuttings and air layering.

Stem Cuttings

Stem cuttings are the most common method of propagating gardenias. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Choose a healthy gardenia plant with new growth.
  2. Select a stem that is about 4-6 inches long and has at least 2-3 leaves.
  3. Cut the stem just below a node (a small bump on the stem where leaves grow).
  4. Remove any leaves from the bottom half of the stem.
  5. Dip the bottom of the stem into a rooting hormone powder.
  6. Plant the stem in a pot filled with moist soil.
  7. Cover the pot with a plastic bag to create a greenhouse effect.
  8. Place the pot in bright, indirect sunlight.
  9. Water the cutting regularly and keep the soil moist.

Air Layering

Air layering is another method of propagating gardenias. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Choose a healthy branch on your gardenia plant that is low to the ground.
  2. Remove all leaves from a 4-inch section of that branch.
  3. Make two small cuts on opposite sides of that section of the bark, about 1 inch apart.
  4. Apply rooting hormone to the exposed bark.
  5. Wrap wet sphagnum moss around the wounded area and secure it with plastic wrap.
  6. Wait for roots to develop in the moss, which may take several weeks.
  7. Once roots have formed, cut the new plant from the mother plant and plant it in a pot filled with moist soil.

Taking Care of Your Propagated Gardenia

Once you have successfully propagated your gardenia, it’s essential to take proper care of it to ensure it grows healthy and strong. Here are some tips:

  • Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  • Provide bright, indirect sunlight.
  • Fertilize every two weeks during the growing season.
  • Prune regularly to maintain its shape and promote growth.


How long does it take for gardenia cuttings to root?

It can take 2-3 months for gardenia cuttings to root, depending on the temperature and humidity levels.

Can I propagate gardenias from seeds?

Yes, you can propagate gardenias from seeds. However, it’s a more challenging method that requires specific conditions and can take several months to germinate.

How do I know if my propagated gardenia is healthy?

A healthy propagated gardenia will have new growth and healthy leaves. If the leaves are yellowing or dropping, this may indicate overwatering or underwatering.

In conclusion, propagating gardenias is a fun and rewarding process that can help you expand your garden without having to purchase new plants. With a little patience and care, you can enjoy the beauty and fragrance of these lovely flowers for years to come.