Live to Plant

How to Grow Gardenia Plant Outdoors

Updated: July 1, 2022

Gardenias are known for their beautiful and fragrant blooms, and they can be a stunning addition to any outdoor space. However, growing gardenia plants outdoors can be challenging, especially if you live in a colder or drier climate. In this article, we will discuss the steps you need to take to successfully grow gardenia plants outdoors.

Choose the Right Location

The first step in growing gardenia plants is choosing the right location. Gardenias thrive in warm and humid conditions, so it’s important to choose a spot that gets plenty of sunlight but is also protected from harsh winds. Ideally, your gardenia plant should be placed in an area that receives morning sun and afternoon shade.

Prepare the Soil

The soil for gardenias should be acidic and well-draining. You can amend the soil with peat moss or pine needles to increase acidity. Before planting, make sure the soil is loosened and free of debris.

Planting Gardenias

When planting gardenias, it’s important to make sure they are not planted too deeply. The top of the root ball should be level with the ground. Water your gardenia plant immediately after planting and keep the soil moist for the first few weeks.


Gardenias require consistent moisture, especially during the summer months when they are actively growing. Water your gardenia deeply once or twice a week, depending on how quickly the soil dries out. Avoid overwatering or allowing the soil to become waterlogged.


Gardenias benefit from regular fertilization during their growing season, which is typically from late spring to early fall. Use a fertilizer specifically formulated for acid-loving plants and follow the instructions on the package carefully.


Pruning your gardenia plant can help promote new growth and shape the plant. It’s best to prune after flowering has ended in the late summer or early fall. Remove any dead or damaged branches, as well as any branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other.

Pests and Diseases

Gardenias are susceptible to a few pests and diseases, including whiteflies, scales, and root rot. Regularly inspect your gardenia plant for signs of pests or disease and take action immediately if you notice any issues.


Can I grow gardenias in containers?

Yes, gardenias can be grown in containers as long as the container is large enough to accommodate the plant’s root system. Use a well-draining potting mix and make sure the container has drainage holes.

What should I do if my gardenia isn’t blooming?

If your gardenia isn’t blooming, it may not be getting enough sunlight or nutrients. Make sure it’s planted in a location that gets morning sun and afternoon shade, and consider fertilizing with an acid-loving plant fertilizer.

Can gardenias survive winter?

Gardenias are not cold-hardy and may not survive freezing temperatures. If you live in a colder climate, you may need to bring your gardenia plant indoors during the winter months.

In conclusion, growing gardenia plants outdoors requires careful attention to their specific needs. With the right location, soil, watering, fertilization, pruning, and pest control, your gardenia plant can thrive and produce beautiful blooms for years to come.