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How to Pollinate Curly Fig Plant:
Increase Your Yield

Updated: April 1, 2022

Curly fig plants are an excellent addition to any garden, not only for their delicious fruits but also for their unique curly leaves. However, to enjoy a bountiful harvest, it is essential to learn how to properly pollinate your curly fig plant. In this article, we will guide you through the process of pollinating your curly fig plant and increasing your yield.

Understanding Curly Fig Plant Pollination

Curly fig plants can self-pollinate, but cross-pollination by insects or wind can increase fruit production significantly. The tiny flowers of the fig plant are located inside the fruit, making them easy to miss. The flowers are pollinated by tiny wasps called fig wasps. These wasps crawl inside the fruit through a tiny opening called the ostiole and deposit their eggs while also pollinating the flower.

Best Time to Pollinate Curly Fig Plant

The best time to pollinate your curly fig plant is during its active growth period, which is typically in the spring and summer months. It is best to pollinate when the weather is warm and dry, as humidity can cause the fruit to rot.

Hand Pollination Method

Hand pollination is a simple and effective method to increase your curly fig plant’s yield. Here are the steps for hand pollination:

  1. Locate the figs that are at least pea-size or larger.
  2. Gently open the ostiole with a toothpick or small brush.
  3. Using a small paintbrush or q-tip, collect pollen from the anthers.
  4. Transfer the pollen onto the stigma of another flower.
  5. Repeat steps 2-4 on each of the remaining figs.

Encourage Insect Pollination

Insects such as bees and wasps are natural pollinators for curly fig plants. To encourage insect pollination, plant flowers and herbs that attract these beneficial insects. Some examples are marigolds, lavender, and thyme.

How to Know If Your Curly Fig Plant is Pollinated

Once the fruit has been pollinated, it will begin to swell and grow in size. You may notice the ostiole beginning to open wider, indicating that the fruit is growing. The fruit will also change color as it ripens.


Can I grow curly fig plants indoors?

Yes, curly fig plants can be grown indoors in a container. Make sure the container has good drainage and place it in a bright location.

How often should I water my curly fig plant?

Curly fig plants prefer slightly moist soil and should be watered when the top inch of soil feels dry.

Do I need to prune my curly fig plant?

Yes, pruning your curly fig plant will help promote new growth and increase fruit production. Prune in late winter or early spring before new growth appears.

How do I know when my curly figs are ripe?

Curly figs will change color and become softer when they are ripe. Gently squeeze the fruit to determine ripeness.

In conclusion, pollinating your curly fig plant is an essential step to increase your yield and enjoy a bountiful harvest. With hand pollination or encouraging insect pollination and proper care, your curly fig plant will thrive and produce delicious fruits for years to come.