Updated: May 29, 2022

Fig plants are known for their curly roots and stems, which make them unique in the plant world. These plants are popular for their fruit, which is used in many recipes and is a great source of nutrients. However, the roots and stems of these plants are just as important as their fruit. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the curly fig plant roots and stems.

Fig Plant Roots

Fig plant roots are unique because they grow horizontally rather than vertically. The roots spread out in all directions, making the plant very stable in the ground. This type of root system is called a lateral root system.

The curly nature of fig plant roots allows them to absorb water and nutrients from a large area of soil. The roots are able to find pockets of moisture and nutrients that other plants may not be able to access. This makes fig plants very resilient and able to survive in harsh environments.

Fig plant roots also have a symbiotic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi. These fungi attach themselves to the roots and help the plant absorb more water and nutrients from the soil. In return, the plant provides the fungi with carbohydrates that they need to survive.

Fig Plant Stems

Fig plant stems are also unique because they have a very distinctive shape. The stems are thick and sturdy with a bulbous base that tapers towards the top. This shape is known as a “syconium” and it is actually a modified stem.

The syconium is where the fig fruit develops. Inside the syconium, there are many small flowers that produce the fig’s seeds. When the fig fruit is ripe, it will fall off of the syconium and can be harvested for consumption.

The stems of fig plants also have a natural defense mechanism against pests and diseases. They produce latex sap, which is bitter and poisonous to many insects. This sap can also help to seal wounds on the plant, preventing further damage.

Fig Plant Care

Fig plants are relatively easy to care for, but they do require some attention. Here are some tips for caring for your fig plant:

  • Watering: Fig plants need to be watered regularly, especially during hot and dry weather. Make sure to water the plant deeply so that the roots can absorb as much moisture as possible.

  • Fertilizing: Fig plants benefit from regular fertilization. Use a balanced fertilizer that is high in potassium to promote fruit growth.

  • Pruning: Prune your fig plant in the late winter or early spring to promote new growth. Remove any dead or diseased branches and trim back any branches that are growing too long.


Can I grow a fig plant indoors?

Yes, fig plants can be grown indoors as long as they are placed in a sunny location and receive plenty of water and nutrients.

How often should I fertilize my fig plant?

Fertilize your fig plant every 4-6 weeks during the growing season.

Can I eat the leaves of a fig plant?

No, fig leaves are not edible and can be toxic if ingested.

How long does it take for a fig tree to produce fruit?

Fig trees can take anywhere from 1-5 years to produce fruit, depending on the variety and growing conditions.

In conclusion, the curly roots and stems of fig plants are unique and important parts of these plants. They allow the plant to absorb water and nutrients from a large area of soil and provide natural defense mechanisms against pests and diseases. With proper care, a fig plant can provide delicious fruit for many years to come.