Updated: May 8, 2022

Curcuma is a beautiful flowering plant that is known for its bright and vibrant flowers. However, like any other plant, it is susceptible to pests, and one of the most common pests that affect curcuma plants are borers.

Borers are insects that tunnel into the stem of the plant and cause damage to the plant’s vascular system. This can lead to stunted growth, wilting, and even death of the plant. In this article, we will discuss how to get rid of borers on curcuma plants.

Identifying Borers

Before we discuss how to get rid of borers, it is important to identify them first. Borers are small, slender insects that have a long body and antennae. They are usually brown or black in color and can range in size from 1/4 inch to 1 inch in length.

Borers lay their eggs on the stem of the plant, and once they hatch, they tunnel into the stem and begin feeding on the plant’s tissue. This can cause wilting, yellowing leaves, and stunted growth.


Prevention is always better than cure. Here are some preventative measures you can take to prevent borers from attacking your curcuma plant:

  • Plant your curcuma in well-draining soil
  • Water your curcuma regularly but do not overwater
  • Fertilize your curcuma regularly with a balanced fertilizer
  • Keep your curcuma plant healthy by removing dead leaves and stems regularly
  • Inspect your curcuma plant regularly for any signs of borers

Getting Rid of Borers

If you have already noticed signs of borers on your curcuma plant, don’t worry! There are several ways to get rid of them:

Method 1: Manual Removal

The first method of getting rid of borers is by manually removing them. To do this, you will need to locate the entry holes and use a sharp object like a knife or a toothpick to remove the borer from the plant.

Once you have removed the borers, apply a fungicide to the affected area to prevent any fungal infections.

Method 2: Insecticides

Insecticides are another effective way of getting rid of borers. There are several types of insecticides available in the market, including systemic and contact insecticides.

Systemic insecticides are absorbed by the plant and can kill borers that are inside the plant’s tissue. Contact insecticides, on the other hand, kill borers on contact.

When using insecticides, it is important to follow the instructions on the label carefully. Wear protective clothing and avoid spraying in windy conditions.

Method 3: Beneficial Insects

Beneficial insects like parasitic wasps and nematodes can also help control borer populations. These insects prey on borers and can help reduce their numbers.

You can purchase beneficial insects from gardening stores and release them in your garden. However, it is important to note that beneficial insects may take some time to establish themselves in your garden.


Can borers kill my curcuma plant?

Yes, borers can cause significant damage to curcuma plants and can even lead to their death.

Can I prevent borers from attacking my curcuma plant?

Yes, you can prevent borers from attacking your curcuma plant by planting it in well-draining soil, watering it regularly but not overwatering, fertilizing it regularly with a balanced fertilizer, keeping it healthy by removing dead leaves and stems regularly, and inspecting it regularly for any signs of borers.

How do I know if my curcuma plant has borers?

Signs of borers include wilting, yellowing leaves, stunted growth, and entry holes on the stem of the plant.

Can I use natural methods to get rid of borers?

Yes, there are several natural methods of getting rid of borers, including manual removal and the use of beneficial insects.

In conclusion, getting rid of borers on curcuma plants requires a combination of preventative measures and effective pest control methods. By following the tips outlined in this article, you can keep your curcuma plant healthy and free from borers.