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Eggplant Plant Seeds:
Guide to Storing, Sowing and Germination

Updated: April 23, 2022

Eggplants are a popular vegetable, often used in various dishes around the world. However, if you want to grow eggplants in your garden or farm, you need to know how to store, sow and germinate eggplant seeds. This guide will help you understand the basics of eggplant plant seeds.

Storing Eggplant Plant Seeds

Before you sow your eggplant plant seeds, it is important to store them properly. Proper storage of eggplant seeds can ensure that they remain viable for a long time. Here are some tips for storing eggplant plant seeds:

  • Keep the seeds in a cool and dry place. Moisture can cause the seeds to rot or mold.
  • Store the seeds in an airtight container. This will prevent pests from getting to them.
  • Label the container with the seed type and date of storage. This will help you keep track of your seeds and their age.

Sowing Eggplant Plant Seeds

Once you have stored your eggplant plant seeds properly, it is time to sow them. Here are some steps to follow when sowing eggplant plant seeds:

  1. Prepare the soil: Eggplants require well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Add compost or aged manure to the soil before planting.

  2. Sow the seeds: Sow the seeds about ½ inch deep and 3 inches apart. Cover them lightly with soil.

  3. Water the soil: Use a watering can or hose with a gentle spray to water the soil thoroughly.

  4. Provide warmth: Eggplants require warm temperatures to germinate. Keep the soil temperature between 70-85°F (21-29°C).

  5. Wait for germination: Eggplant plant seeds typically take 7-14 days to germinate.

Germinating Eggplant Plant Seeds

Germination is the process by which a seed grows into a plant. Here are some tips for germinating eggplant plant seeds:

  • Keep the soil moist: Eggplant seeds require consistent moisture to germinate. Water the soil regularly, but avoid overwatering as this can cause the seeds to rot.
  • Provide light: Once the seedlings emerge, provide ample light to ensure healthy growth.
  • Thin the seedlings: Once the seedlings have grown to about 2 inches tall, thin them out so that they are spaced 12-18 inches apart.


How long do eggplant seeds last?

Eggplant seeds can last up to 5 years if stored properly.

Can I plant eggplant seeds directly in the garden?

Yes, you can plant eggplant seeds directly in the garden. However, starting them indoors and transplanting them later can increase your chances of success.

How often should I water my eggplant seedlings?

Water your eggplant seedlings when the top inch of soil feels dry. Avoid overwatering as this can cause root rot.

When should I harvest my eggplants?

Eggplants are ready for harvest when they are shiny and firm to the touch. Harvest them before they become too mature as this can affect their taste and texture.

In conclusion, growing eggplants from seeds can be a rewarding experience. Proper storage, sowing and germination techniques can ensure successful growth of eggplants. Follow these tips and enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious eggplants!