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What is Evening Primrose Plant Commonly Used For?

Updated: April 7, 2022

The Evening Primrose plant, also known as Oenothera biennis, is a wildflower native to North America but can now be found in various parts of the world. Its name comes from its blooming time, which is usually in the evening. This plant is known for its medicinal properties and has been used for centuries to treat various ailments. In this article, we will explore the common uses of Evening Primrose plant.

History and Traditional Uses

The Evening Primrose plant has a long history of use as a traditional medicine. Native Americans used it for the treatment of bruises, hemorrhoids, and gastrointestinal problems. They also used it as a poultice for skin irritations and wounds.

In Europe, the plant was introduced in the 17th century and was used to treat skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis. The oil extracted from the seeds was also used to relieve symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and menopause.

Nutritional Content

Evening Primrose is rich in fatty acids, particularly gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an omega-6 fatty acid that is essential for good health. GLA is not produced naturally by the body; hence, it must be obtained through diet or supplementation. One tablespoon of Evening Primrose oil contains approximately 9% of the recommended daily intake of GLA.

Medicinal Properties

The Evening Primrose plant is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, making it effective in treating various inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, asthma, and eczema. It also contains compounds that help reduce blood pressure and cholesterol levels, making it beneficial for people with hypertension and high cholesterol.

Evening Primrose oil has been extensively studied for its role in treating PMS symptoms such as breast tenderness, bloating, irritability, and depression. Several studies have shown that taking Evening Primrose oil supplements can reduce the severity of these symptoms.

Other Uses

Apart from its medicinal properties, the Evening Primrose plant has other uses such as:

  • Culinary – The plant’s seeds and leaves are edible and can be used in salads, soups, and stews.
  • Cosmetics – Evening Primrose oil is a common ingredient in cosmetic products such as moisturizers, shampoos, and conditioners due to its moisturizing and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Garden – The plant is also grown for its ornamental value, with its yellow flowers adding beauty to gardens.

Dosage and Precautions

Evening Primrose oil supplements are available in capsule form and should be taken according to the manufacturer’s instructions. As with any herbal supplement, it is essential to speak with a healthcare provider before use, especially if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Evening Primrose oil may interact with certain medications such as blood thinners, antipsychotics, and antidepressants. It is crucial to inform your doctor of any supplements you are taking before starting any new medication.


Can Evening Primrose Oil help with hair loss?

Studies suggest that Evening Primrose oil may help promote hair growth due to its anti-inflammatory properties. However, more research is needed to confirm this benefit.

Is Evening Primrose Oil safe during pregnancy?

While Evening Primrose oil is generally considered safe during pregnancy, it is essential to speak with a healthcare provider before use.

How long does it take for Evening Primrose Oil to work?

The effects of Evening Primrose oil may vary depending on the individual and the condition being treated. Some people may notice improvement within a few weeks, while others may take several months of consistent use to see results.

In conclusion, the Evening Primrose plant has various uses ranging from medicinal to culinary and cosmetic. Its anti-inflammatory properties make it effective in treating various conditions, and its GLA content makes it a valuable addition to a healthy diet. However, as with any herbal supplement, it is essential to speak with a healthcare provider before use.