Updated: June 9, 2022

Emerald Gem Plant, scientifically known as Peperomia caperata, is a popular indoor plant that belongs to the Piperaceae family. It is a low-maintenance plant that has broad, glossy, and heart-shaped leaves. However, one of the problems that many plant enthusiasts face with this plant is curling leaves. Curled leaves can be a sign of different issues, and identifying the cause can help revive the plant’s health.

In this article, we will look at some of the reasons why Emerald Gem Plant leaves curl, and how to fix the problem.


One of the most common reasons why Emerald Gem Plant leaves may curl is overwatering. Overwatering can lead to root rot, which affects the plant’s ability to absorb nutrients and water. When the roots are damaged, the leaves may begin to curl as a sign of stress.

To avoid overwatering your Emerald Gem Plant, ensure that you wait for the soil to dry out before watering again. You can also check if the soil is moist by sticking a finger into it. If it feels damp, then you should wait for a few more days before watering.


Underwatering is another cause of curled leaves in Emerald Gem Plants. When the soil dries out completely, the plant may start to conserve water by curling its leaves. This is a survival mechanism that helps it retain moisture for longer.

To fix this issue, you need to water your plant regularly. However, be careful not to overwater it, as this can lead to other problems such as root rot.

Low Humidity

Emerald Gem Plants thrive in environments with high humidity levels. If the air in your home or office is too dry, the plant may start to curl its leaves as a way of conserving moisture.

You can increase humidity levels around the plant by misting it with water or placing a humidifier nearby. You can also group your plants together to create a microclimate with higher humidity levels.


Pests such as spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects can also cause Emerald Gem Plant leaves to curl. These pests feed on the plant’s sap, which can lead to stunted growth and damage to the leaves.

To get rid of pests, you can use insecticidal soap or neem oil. Be sure to follow the instructions on the product label carefully to avoid damaging your plant.

Temperature Stress

Emerald Gem Plants prefer temperatures between 65°F and 75°F (18°C-24°C). If the temperature is too high or too low, the plant may start to curl its leaves as a sign of stress.

To fix this issue, move your plant to a location with suitable temperatures. You can also use a thermometer to monitor the temperature around your plant.

Nutrient Deficiency

If your Emerald Gem Plant is not getting enough nutrients, it may start to curl its leaves as a sign of stress. Common nutrient deficiencies include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

To fix this issue, you need to fertilize your plant regularly with a balanced fertilizer that contains all the essential nutrients.


Can I save my Emerald Gem Plant if its leaves have already curled?

Yes, you can save your plant by identifying the cause of the problem and taking appropriate action. For example, if the issue is overwatering, you need to reduce watering frequency and ensure that the soil is well-draining. If the issue is pests, you need to get rid of them using appropriate methods.

Can Emerald Gem Plants survive in low light conditions?

Yes, Emerald Gem Plants can survive in low light conditions. However, they prefer bright indirect light for optimal growth.

How often should I fertilize my Emerald Gem Plant?

You should fertilize your plant every two weeks during the growing season (spring and summer) and once a month during the dormant season (fall and winter).

Can I propagate my Emerald Gem Plant?

Yes, you can propagate your plant by taking stem cuttings or leaf cuttings. Ensure that the cutting has at least one node, and place it in a moist potting mix until roots develop.