Updated: August 28, 2022

Dracaena plants are a popular choice for indoor decoration. They are easy to care for and come in a variety of sizes and shapes. However, like any plant, they require periodic maintenance to keep them healthy and looking their best. One important aspect of dracaena plant care is pruning. Pruning helps to promote growth, remove dead or damaged foliage, and maintain the plant’s shape. In this article, we will provide an in-depth pruning guide for dracaena plants.

When to Prune Dracaena Plants

Pruning should be done during the growing season, which is typically from spring through summer. Avoid pruning in the fall or winter when the plant is dormant. It’s also best to wait until the plant has reached its desired height before starting to prune.

Tools Needed for Pruning

You’ll need a few basic tools to properly prune your dracaena plant. These include:

  • Sharp pruning shears
  • Clean scissors
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • A clean, damp cloth

Steps for Pruning Dracaena Plants

  1. Start by inspecting the plant for any dead or damaged foliage. Use your pruning shears to cut these off at the base of the stem.
  2. Look for any branches or stems that are growing in an undesirable direction or causing the plant to become too bushy. Use your shears to trim these back to a healthy branch or stem.
  3. If you want to encourage new growth on your dracaena plant, you can cut back some of the taller stems by up to ⅓ of their length. This will stimulate new growth at the base of the stem.
  4. To maintain the shape of your dracaena plant, trim any branches or stems that are sticking out too far or disrupting the overall shape of the plant.

It’s important to make clean cuts when pruning your dracaena plant to avoid damaging the plant. Use your clean scissors to tidy up any jagged edges left by the pruning shears.

Tips for Pruning Dracaena Plants

  • Always use clean tools to avoid introducing any diseases or pests to your plant.
  • Avoid cutting off more than ⅓ of the plant’s foliage at one time, as this can shock the plant and slow its growth.
  • If you’re not sure how much to prune, start with a little and observe how the plant responds before making more cuts.
  • Don’t be afraid to prune your dracaena plant regularly. This will help keep it healthy and looking its best.


How often should I prune my dracaena plant?

Pruning should be done as needed, typically once or twice per year during the growing season.

Can I propagate my dracaena plant from cuttings?

Yes, dracaena plants can be propagated from stem cuttings. Simply take a cutting and place it in water or soil until roots develop.

What should I do if my dracaena plant is too tall?

If your dracaena plant has grown too tall, you can prune it back to a shorter height. This will stimulate new growth at the base of the stem.

Can I prune my dracaena plant in the winter?

It’s best to avoid pruning your dracaena plant during the winter when it is dormant. Wait until spring when it is actively growing.

How do I prevent my pruning shears from spreading diseases to my dracaena plant?

Clean your pruning shears with rubbing alcohol before and after each use to prevent the spread of diseases or pests.