Updated: October 7, 2022

Dragon tree plant, scientifically known as Dracaena marginata, is a popular indoor plant that is native to Madagascar. It is easy to care for and can thrive even in low light conditions. If you are a plant enthusiast, propagating your dragon tree can be a fun and rewarding way to expand your plant collection. In this article, we will discuss how to propagate dragon tree plant the right way.

Materials needed

Before we delve into the propagation process, it is important to gather all the necessary materials. The following materials are required:

  • Pruning shears
  • Potting soil
  • Perlite
  • Rooting hormone
  • Plant container

Propagation by stem cuttings

One of the easiest and most common ways to propagate dragon tree plant is through stem cuttings. Follow these simple steps for successful propagation:

  1. Choose a healthy stem: Select a healthy stem from the parent plant that has several leaves attached.

  2. Cut the stem: Using pruning shears, cut the stem at a 45-degree angle just below a node or where a leaf is attached.

  3. Prepare the cutting: Remove the lower leaves from the stem, leaving only a few at the top. Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone.

  4. Plant the cutting: Fill a small container with potting soil mixed with perlite for drainage. Make a hole in the soil and insert the cutting.

  5. Water the cutting: Water the cutting thoroughly and place it in bright but indirect light.

  6. Wait for roots: Place a plastic bag over the cutting to create a humid environment and promote root growth. Check regularly and water when necessary.

  7. Transplanting: Once roots have formed, which usually takes 2-3 months, transplant into a larger pot with well-draining soil.

Propagation by air layering

Air layering is another way to propagate dragon tree plant, but it requires a bit more effort. Follow these steps for successful air layering:

  1. Choose a branch: Select a branch from the parent plant that is at least 1 inch in diameter.

  2. Make a cut: Make a cut around the branch, about 3 inches from the tip, and remove the bark and cambium layer.

  3. Wrap in moist moss: Wrap moist sphagnum moss around the cut area and cover with plastic wrap.

  4. Wait for roots: Check regularly for roots, which usually take 2-3 months to form.

  5. Cut and transplant: Once roots have formed, cut the branch just below the root ball and transplant into a pot with well-draining soil.


How often should I water my dragon tree plant?

Water your dragon tree plant once a week or when the top inch of soil feels dry. Be careful not to overwater as this can lead to root rot.

Can dragon tree plant grow in low light conditions?

Yes, dragon tree plant can tolerate low light conditions, but it will grow best in bright but indirect light.

How often should I fertilize my dragon tree plant?

Fertilize your dragon tree plant once a month during the growing season (spring and summer) with a balanced fertilizer.

In conclusion, propagating dragon tree plant is an easy and rewarding process that can be done through stem cuttings or air layering. With proper care and attention, your newly propagated dragon tree will grow into a beautiful and healthy plant.