Updated: April 29, 2022

Goldfish plant (Columnea gloriosa) is a beautiful tropical plant that is easy to grow outdoors. Its leaves resemble fish tails, which give it its common name. It produces bright orange-red flowers that are shaped like goldfish. The goldfish plant is a low-maintenance plant that can thrive in a variety of conditions, making it an ideal addition to any garden or patio.

Choosing the Right Location

To grow goldfish plants outdoors, you need to choose the right location. They need bright, indirect light and protection from direct sunlight. Too much sun can scorch their leaves and cause them to dry out.

Choose an area that receives partial sunlight or filtered shade. You can also place your goldfish plant under a tree or other tall plants that provide shade. Avoid placing them in areas that receive strong winds or drafts, as it can damage their delicate foliage.

Soil Requirements

Goldfish plants prefer well-draining soil, rich in organic matter. You can prepare the soil by adding compost or organic fertilizers to improve its fertility and drainage. Avoid planting them in heavy clay or waterlogged soil, as it can lead to root rot.

Watering and Fertilizing

Goldfish plants require regular watering to keep their soil moist but not waterlogged. Water your plants at least once a week or when the top inch of soil feels dry. Avoid over-watering or letting the soil dry out completely.

Fertilize your goldfish plants every two weeks during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer. You can also use organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion, compost tea, or worm castings.

Pruning and Propagation

Goldfish plants require minimal pruning unless you want to shape them or control their size. You can pinch back the tips of new growth to encourage bushier growth and more flowers.

Propagation of goldfish plants is easy. You can take stem cuttings from healthy plants and root them in a well-draining potting mix. Place them in a bright, warm area, and keep the soil moist until the cuttings establish roots.

Pests and Diseases

Goldfish plants are relatively pest-resistant but can suffer from mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects. These pests can be controlled by spraying the plant with neem oil or insecticidal soap.

Root rot is the most common disease that affects goldfish plants. To prevent it, avoid over-watering and provide good drainage for your plant.


Can goldfish plants survive winter outdoors?

Goldfish plants are tropical plants and cannot survive frost or freezing temperatures. If you live in an area with cold winters, you need to bring your goldfish plant indoors or protect it with a frost blanket or other protective covering.

How often should I fertilize my goldfish plant?

Goldfish plants require regular fertilization during the growing season. Fertilize them every two weeks with a balanced fertilizer or organic fertilizers such as compost tea or fish emulsion.

Can I grow goldfish plants in containers?

Yes, goldfish plants can be grown in containers as long as they have good drainage and adequate space to grow. Choose a container that is at least 6 inches deep and wide enough to accommodate your plant’s root system.

Can I grow goldfish plants from seeds?

Yes, goldfish plants can be grown from seeds, but it is not the easiest way to propagate them. It can take up to six months for the seeds to germinate, and the resulting plants may not be identical to the parent plant.

In conclusion, growing goldfish plants outdoors is easy if you provide them with the right location, soil, watering, and fertilization. They are low-maintenance plants that can add color and beauty to your garden or patio. With a little care and attention, your goldfish plants will thrive and provide you with years of enjoyment.