Updated: October 5, 2022

Ficus elastica, commonly known as rubber plant, is a popular indoor plant that is easy to grow and care for. It is a member of the fig family and is native to Southeast Asia. Rubber plants have large, glossy leaves that can be green or variegated.

If you are looking to add an indoor plant to your home or office, the rubber plant is a great choice. Here are some tips on how to grow and care for your ficus elastica plant indoors.

Light Requirements

Rubber plants require bright, indirect light to thrive. Direct sunlight can scorch their leaves, so it is best to place them in a location where they can receive filtered light. A north or east-facing window is ideal. You can also place them near a window with a sheer curtain to filter the light.

Watering

Ficus elastica prefer evenly moist soil. Water your rubber plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Do not overwater as this can cause root rot. During winter months, reduce watering as the plant’s growth slows down.

Humidity

Rubber plants enjoy high humidity levels. You can increase the humidity around your plant by placing a humidifier near it or by placing a tray of water near it. You can also mist the leaves regularly with a spray bottle.

Temperature

Rubber plants prefer warm temperatures between 60-75°F (15-24°C). Avoid exposing them to temperatures below 50°F (10°C) as this can damage their leaves.

Soil Requirements

Ficus elastica prefer well-draining soil that retains moisture. A good potting mix for rubber plants should contain peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite. You can also add organic matter such as compost or leaf mold to improve soil fertility.

Fertilizing

Rubber plants benefit from regular fertilization during the growing season, which is spring and summer. You can use a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength every two weeks. Do not fertilize during winter months as the plant’s growth slows down.

Pruning

Rubber plants can grow quite tall, so it is best to prune them to control their height and shape. Pruning also encourages bushier growth. You can prune your rubber plant by cutting off the top of the stem just above a leaf node. New growth will emerge from the node.

FAQ

How often should I water my rubber plant?

Water your rubber plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Do not overwater as this can cause root rot.

How do I increase humidity around my rubber plant?

You can increase the humidity around your plant by placing a humidifier near it or by placing a tray of water near it. You can also mist the leaves regularly with a spray bottle.

How often should I fertilize my rubber plant?

Fertilize your rubber plant every two weeks during the growing season, which is spring and summer. Do not fertilize during winter months as the plant’s growth slows down.

Can I propagate my rubber plant?

Yes, you can propagate your rubber plant by taking stem cuttings and rooting them in water or soil.

Growing ficus elastica indoors is easy and rewarding. With proper care, your rubber plant will provide you with beautiful foliage and improve the air quality in your home or office.

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