Updated: March 26, 2022

Dracaena is a popular houseplant known for its ease of care and its ability to purify indoor air. With their wide range of leaf shapes, colors, and sizes, dracaena plants add a touch of tropical beauty to any indoor space. If you want to grow a dracaena plant indoors but don’t know where to start, this article will guide you through the process.

Choosing the Right Pot and Soil

Choosing the right pot and soil is crucial for the success of your dracaena plant. The pot should have drainage holes to allow excess water to escape. A pot that’s too large can cause water to pool at the bottom, leading to root rot. A pot that’s too small can restrict root growth and make it difficult for the plant to absorb nutrients.

When it comes to soil, dracaena plants prefer well-draining soil that’s rich in organic matter. You can use a pre-made potting mix or create your own by mixing equal parts of sand, peat moss, and perlite.

Lighting Requirements

Dracaena plants prefer bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can scorch their leaves, while low light can cause them to become leggy and droopy. Place your dracaena plant near a window that receives bright, indirect light for most of the day.

If your home doesn’t have a lot of natural light, you can supplement with artificial light. LED grow lights are a great option as they provide the right spectrum of light that plants need to grow.

Watering and Fertilizing

Dracaena plants prefer slightly moist soil but can tolerate periods of dryness. Water your plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Avoid overwatering as this can lead to root rot.

Fertilize your dracaena plant once a month during the growing season (spring and summer) with a balanced liquid fertilizer. You can also use slow-release fertilizer pellets that release nutrients over time.

Pruning and Propagation

Pruning is an essential part of dracaena plant care. Regular pruning will keep your plant looking healthy and prevent it from becoming too large. Use clean, sharp shears to remove any dead or yellowing leaves. You can also trim back the stem to encourage new growth.

Propagation is another way to grow your dracaena plant collection. You can propagate dracaena plants through stem cuttings or by air layering.

Common Problems and Solutions

Like any plant, dracaena plants are susceptible to pests and diseases. Here are some common problems and solutions:

  • Yellowing leaves: This can be caused by overwatering, underwatering, or lack of light. Adjust your watering schedule or move your plant to a brighter location.
  • Brown tips: This can be caused by low humidity or salt buildup in the soil. Mist your plant regularly or flush the soil with water to remove excess salt.
  • Spider mites: These tiny pests can be removed with a spray of soapy water or neem oil.
  • Mealybugs: These pests can be removed by wiping them off with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.


Can I grow dracaena plants in low light?

Dracaena plants prefer bright, indirect light but can tolerate low light conditions.

How often should I water my dracaena plant?

Water your dracaena plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.

Can I propagate my dracaena plant?

Yes, you can propagate dracaena plants through stem cuttings or air layering.

What’s the best fertilizer for my dracaena plant?

Use a balanced liquid fertilizer once a month during the growing season (spring and summer).

In conclusion, growing dracaena plants indoors is easy as long as you provide them with the right conditions. With proper care and attention, your dracaena plant will thrive and add beauty to your indoor space.