Updated: July 2, 2023

The ZZ Raven plant, scientifically known as Zamioculcas zamiifolia ‘Raven,’ is a popular houseplant that has gained significant attention for its striking appearance and easy care requirements. One of the most common questions asked by plant enthusiasts is how tall this particular variety can grow. In this article, we will explore the growth potential of the ZZ Raven plant and provide some tips on how to encourage optimal height.

Understanding the ZZ Raven Plant

Before delving into its growth potential, it is essential to understand the characteristics and requirements of the ZZ Raven plant. Native to eastern Africa, this plant belongs to the Araceae family and is a cultivar of the Zamioculcas zamiifolia species. Its unique feature lies in its dark foliage, which ranges from deep green to almost black.

The ZZ Raven plant thrives in low-light conditions, making it an ideal choice for indoor environments with minimal natural light. Additionally, it possesses excellent tolerance to drought and can withstand periods of neglect, making it an excellent option for those who may not have a green thumb.

Factors Affecting Growth

Several factors influence the height potential of a ZZ Raven plant. Understanding these factors can help plant owners create an environment that encourages optimal growth.

1. Genetics

Like any living organism, the growth potential of the ZZ Raven plant is influenced by its genetic makeup. This particular cultivar has been bred to exhibit a more compact and upright growth habit compared to its parent species. While individual differences may occur, ZZ Raven plants typically grow to a moderate height.

2. Container Size

The size of the container in which the ZZ Raven plant is grown also affects its growth potential. A larger container provides more room for root development and allows the plant to reach its maximum height. Conversely, if confined to a smaller pot, the plant’s growth may be stunted.

3. Light

Light is an essential factor in plant growth, and the ZZ Raven plant is no exception. While it is known for its ability to tolerate low-light conditions, providing adequate light can promote healthier and more vigorous growth. Placing the plant near a bright but indirect light source, such as a north-facing window, can help it reach its maximum height potential.

4. Temperature and Humidity

ZZ Raven plants prefer average room temperatures ranging from 60-75°F (15-24°C). Extreme temperature fluctuations and drafts can hinder growth and may cause the leaves to yellow or drop. Additionally, maintaining a moderate level of humidity can create an ideal environment for the plant’s growth.

Height Potential of ZZ Raven Plants

On average, a ZZ Raven plant can grow between 2-3 feet in height. However, it is important to note that individual variations may occur due to factors mentioned earlier. Some plants may reach their maximum potential height, while others may remain slightly shorter.

The growth rate of ZZ Raven plants is relatively slow compared to other houseplants. It typically takes several years for a ZZ Raven plant to reach its full height potential. Patience is key when cultivating this plant, as it often undergoes periods of slow growth before experiencing spurts of new foliage.

Tips for Encouraging Optimal Growth

While the height potential of a ZZ Raven plant may be influenced by genetics and other factors beyond our control, there are several steps plant owners can take to encourage healthy growth:

1. Repotting

As mentioned earlier, the size of the container plays a crucial role in a ZZ Raven plant’s growth potential. If you notice that your plant has outgrown its current pot, consider repotting it into a slightly larger container. This will provide more space for root development and allow the plant to continue growing.

2. Pruning

Pruning is an effective way to shape and control the growth of a ZZ Raven plant. If you desire a more compact and bushy appearance, regularly trim the stems and remove any dead or yellowing leaves. Pruning can also help redirect the plant’s energy towards new growth.

3. Adequate Light

While ZZ Raven plants can tolerate low-light conditions, they still require some level of brightness to thrive. Ensure that your plant receives indirect light for several hours each day. If necessary, supplement natural light with artificial grow lights to promote optimal growth.

4. Proper Watering

ZZ Raven plants have succulent-like characteristics, storing water in their rhizomes and stems. Overwatering can lead to root rot and hinder growth, so it is crucial to allow the soil to dry out between waterings. Aim for a watering schedule of once every two weeks, adjusting as necessary based on environmental conditions.

5. Fertilization

To encourage healthy growth, consider fertilizing your ZZ Raven plant during the growing season (spring and summer). Use a balanced houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength, following the manufacturer’s instructions. Avoid overfertilization, as this can lead to salt build-up and cause damage to the roots.


The ZZ Raven plant is a stunning addition to any indoor space with its dark foliage and easy care requirements. While it may not grow as tall as some other houseplants, its moderate height potential makes it suitable for various settings. By understanding the factors affecting growth and implementing proper care techniques, plant owners can ensure their ZZ Raven plants reach their maximum height potential while maintaining overall health and vitality.