Live to Plant

How Quickly Does Gopher Plant Grow?

Updated: June 11, 2022

If you’re looking for a low-maintenance plant that can add beauty and character to your garden, then the gopher plant is worth considering. This perennial desert plant with its vibrant yellow flowers is native to the southwestern United States and Mexico. The gopher plant is also known as the silver spurge or the desert spurge, and it can grow up to 4 feet tall and wide.

Growth Rate

The gopher plant is a slow-growing plant, but it can reach its maximum height and width in about three to five years. It typically grows about 6-12 inches per year, depending on the growing conditions. However, if the gopher plant receives regular watering and fertilization, it can grow faster.

Growing Conditions

The gopher plant thrives in hot and dry conditions, making it an ideal choice for xeriscaping. It prefers full sun exposure and well-drained soil. The gopher plant can tolerate poor soil conditions and requires little water once established. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it’s essential to let the soil dry out between watering sessions.

Care and Maintenance

The gopher plant requires minimal care and maintenance once established. You should prune the plant once a year to remove dead or damaged stems and encourage new growth. It’s also essential to keep the area around the plant free of weeds to prevent competition for nutrients and water.


You can propagate gopher plants through stem cuttings or seeds. Stem cuttings are the easiest and quickest method of propagation. Select a healthy stem from the parent plant and cut it at a 45-degree angle using a sharp knife. Remove any leaves from the bottom half of the cutting, leaving only a few leaves on top. Dip the cutting in rooting hormone powder and insert it into well-draining soil. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged and place the cutting in a warm, bright location. Within a few weeks, the cutting should develop roots and start to grow.


Is the gopher plant poisonous?

No, the gopher plant is not poisonous. However, its sap can cause skin irritation in some people, so it’s essential to wear gloves when pruning or handling the plant.

Can I grow gopher plants indoors?

No, gopher plants require full sun exposure and hot, dry conditions. They are not suitable for indoor growing.

How often should I water my gopher plant?

Gopher plants require little water once established. Water them deeply once a week during the growing season and reduce watering during the dormant season.

Can I grow gopher plants in containers?

Yes, you can grow gopher plants in containers. Use a well-draining soil mix and ensure that the container has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. Place the container in a sunny location and water deeply once a week during the growing season.


The gopher plant is a hardy perennial that can add color and texture to any garden or landscape. With minimal care and maintenance, this low-maintenance plant can thrive in hot and dry conditions. While it may be slow-growing, its unique look and vibrant yellow flowers make it worth the wait.