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How Much Space to Leave Between Each Coffee Arabica Plant

Updated: May 17, 2022

If you’re planning on growing coffee Arabica plants, one of the most important decisions you’ll need to make is how much space to leave between each plant. The spacing of your plants will have a significant impact on the overall health and productivity of your coffee crop. In this article, we’ll explore some of the factors that influence the optimal spacing for coffee Arabica plants and provide some guidelines to help you make an informed decision.

Factors That Influence Spacing

There are several factors to consider when deciding how much space to leave between your coffee Arabica plants:

Soil Type

The type of soil you have in your growing area will affect how much space you should leave between each plant. If your soil is heavy and compacted, you’ll need to leave more space between plants to ensure they have enough room to grow and access nutrients. If your soil is light and well-draining, you can space your plants more closely together.


The climate in your growing region will also impact how much space you should leave between each plant. In areas with high rainfall or humidity, planting too closely together can increase the risk of fungal diseases. In arid regions, on the other hand, planting too far apart can result in water wastage.


The specific variety of coffee Arabica that you’re growing will also influence how much space you need between plants. Some varieties are naturally bushy and require more space to grow, while others are more compact and can be planted more closely together.

Guidelines for Spacing Coffee Arabica Plants

Based on the above considerations, here are some general guidelines for spacing coffee Arabica plants:

  • For compact varieties, such as Catuai or Mundo Novo, a spacing of 3-4 feet between each plant is generally sufficient.
  • For bushy varieties, such as Typica or Bourbon, a spacing of 6-8 feet between each plant is recommended.
  • If you have heavy, compacted soil, you should space your plants further apart to allow for proper root development and nutrient uptake.
  • If you live in a region with high rainfall or humidity, it’s best to err on the side of caution and space your plants further apart to reduce the risk of fungal diseases.

It’s important to note that these are general guidelines, and the optimal spacing for your coffee Arabica plants will depend on your specific growing conditions. It’s always a good idea to consult with a local agricultural expert or extension office for advice tailored to your region.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many coffee Arabica plants can I grow per acre?

The number of coffee Arabica plants you can grow per acre will depend on the spacing you choose. If you’re planting compact varieties with a spacing of 3-4 feet, you can plant up to 1,200 plants per acre. For bushy varieties with a spacing of 6-8 feet, you’ll need to plant fewer plants per acre – around 500-600.

How long does it take for coffee Arabica plants to start producing fruit?

Coffee Arabica plants typically begin producing fruit after 2-4 years of growth. However, it can take up to 5 years for some varieties to reach peak productivity.

How often should I fertilize my coffee Arabica plants?

Coffee Arabica plants should be fertilized every 3-4 months during the growing season (spring and summer). Use a balanced fertilizer with equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

What pests and diseases should I watch out for when growing coffee Arabica plants?

Common pests that can affect coffee Arabica plants include coffee berry borer and leaf miner. Fungal diseases such as coffee rust and anthracnose can also be a problem in humid regions. Regular monitoring and early intervention are key to preventing and managing pest and disease issues.