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Fig Tree Plant Stages of Growth

Updated: July 13, 2022

Fig trees are a popular fruit tree that is grown for its sweet and juicy fruit. The fig tree is native to the Mediterranean and has been cultivated for thousands of years. It is a relatively easy plant to grow, but it does require some care and attention. In this article, we will discuss the different stages of growth of a fig tree and what you should expect during each stage.

Stage 1: Germination

The first stage of growth for a fig tree begins with the germination of the seed. Fig seeds are small and have a hard outer shell that needs to be broken down before they can germinate. This can be done by soaking the seeds in warm water for 24 hours before planting them in a pot or directly in the ground.

Once planted, the seeds will begin to sprout within 2-3 weeks, and you will see tiny green shoots emerging from the soil. At this stage, it is important to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. You should also ensure that the seedlings receive plenty of sunlight.

Stage 2: Seedling

After the seed has sprouted, the next stage of growth is the seedling stage. At this point, the plant will start to develop its leaves and roots, and it will begin to grow taller. The seedling stage typically lasts for about six months.

During this stage, it is important to continue to provide your fig tree with plenty of sunlight and water. You may also want to fertilize the soil with a balanced fertilizer to help promote healthy growth.

Stage 3: Juvenile

The juvenile stage of growth is when your fig tree really starts to take shape. At this point, it will have developed a strong root system and will be growing taller and wider. The juvenile stage can last anywhere from one to three years depending on the variety of fig tree.

During this stage, it is important to prune your fig tree regularly to promote healthy growth and to remove any dead or damaged branches. You should also continue to provide your tree with plenty of sunlight and water.

Stage 4: Mature

The mature stage of growth is when your fig tree will start to produce fruit. This typically occurs after three to five years of growth, depending on the variety. When your fig tree starts to produce fruit, it is important to keep the soil moist and to fertilize regularly.

During this stage, it is also important to prune your fig tree regularly to ensure that it continues to produce healthy fruit. You should also be aware that fig trees can become quite large, so make sure that you have enough space for your tree to grow.

Stage 5: Senescent

The final stage of growth for a fig tree is the senescent stage. This is when the tree starts to decline in health and productivity. The senescent stage can last for several years, but eventually, the tree will stop producing fruit altogether.

When your fig tree reaches the senescent stage, it is important to remove it from your garden or orchard and replace it with a new tree.


How often should I water my fig tree?

Fig trees require regular watering, especially during the first few years of growth. Water your fig tree deeply once a week during the growing season and reduce watering during the dormant season.

When should I prune my fig tree?

Prune your fig tree during the dormant season (winter) when it has lost its leaves. Remove any dead or damaged branches and thin out any excess growth.

How do I know when my figs are ripe?

Figs are ripe when they are soft to the touch and have a sweet fragrance. They will also have a slight droop and may crack open at the bottom.

How can I protect my fig tree from pests and diseases?

Keep your fig tree healthy by providing it with plenty of sunlight, water, and fertilizer. You can also use organic pest control methods such as neem oil or insecticidal soap to control pests. Watch for signs of disease such as leaf spots or discoloration and treat them promptly with fungicides if necessary.