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Citronella Plant Harvesting:
Optimal Time and Technique

Updated: December 26, 2022

Citronella is a fragrant plant that is popular for its mosquito-repelling properties. This plant is native to tropical Asia and has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. The essential oil extracted from citronella is widely used in the perfume industry, as well as in insect repellents, candles, and soaps.

If you have decided to grow citronella in your garden, you might be wondering when is the best time to harvest it and how to do it properly. In this article, we will guide you through the optimal time and technique of harvesting citronella plants.

Optimal Time for Harvesting Citronella Plants

The best time to harvest citronella plants is when they are at their peak oil production. This usually happens when the plants are about 1-2 years old and have reached a height of 3-4 feet. You can start harvesting the leaves once they have grown to their maximum size, which is usually around 6 inches long and 2 inches wide.

It’s important to note that citronella plants produce the most oil during the warm months of the year, so it’s best to harvest them during this time. The ideal time for harvesting citronella is in the morning when the dew has evaporated but before the sun gets too hot.

Technique for Harvesting Citronella Plants

To harvest your citronella plants, you will need a pair of sharp pruning shears or scissors. Start by selecting the healthiest and most mature leaves from the plant. Cut the leaves close to the stem, leaving about an inch of the stem intact.

Avoid cutting too many leaves from one plant at once, as this can weaken the plant and reduce its future oil production. It’s recommended to leave at least half of the leaves on the plant when harvesting.

After you have harvested the leaves, you can dry them in a well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight. Once the leaves are completely dry, you can store them in an airtight container until you’re ready to use them.


How often can I harvest citronella plants?

You can harvest citronella plants once or twice a year, depending on their growth rate and oil production.

Can I harvest citronella plants in the winter?

It’s not recommended to harvest citronella plants during the winter months, as they produce less oil and are more susceptible to damage.

Can I use citronella leaves fresh?

Yes, you can use fresh citronella leaves to make tea or for cooking purposes. However, the dried leaves are more commonly used in essential oil extraction.

How long does it take for citronella plants to grow?

Citronella plants can take up to 6 months to germinate and 1-2 years to reach maturity.

Can I grow citronella indoors?

Citronella plants require lots of sunlight and warmth, so it’s not recommended to grow them indoors unless you have a sunny window or grow lights.

In conclusion, harvesting citronella plants requires careful timing and technique to ensure optimal oil production and plant health. By following the guidelines outlined in this article, you can enjoy the many benefits of this fragrant and useful plant.