Live to Plant

Carrot Plant Roots and Stems:
an In-depth Look

Updated: June 26, 2022

Carrots are a root vegetable that is enjoyed by many people worldwide. The sweet, crunchy roots are a great source of vitamins and minerals. However, not much thought is given to the roots and stems of the carrot plant itself. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the carrot plant’s roots and stems.

Carrot Plant Roots

The roots of the carrot plant are long, thin, and tapering. They grow deep into the soil and can reach up to 1 meter in length. The roots are the part of the plant that is harvested for consumption. The thick, orange taproot is what we know as the carrot.

The carrot root is made up of several layers. The outermost layer is called the epidermis, which protects the root from damage and helps it absorb nutrients from the soil. Beneath the epidermis is a layer of cells called the cortex, which stores carbohydrates and water. Finally, at the center of the root is the core, which contains xylem and phloem vessels that transport water and nutrients throughout the plant.

Carrot Plant Stems

The stems of the carrot plant are thin and delicate compared to other plants. They grow from the center of the rosette formed by the leaves and reach up to 1 meter in height. The stems are green and covered with small hairs.

Unlike other plants, carrot stems do not play a significant role in nutrient transport or storage. Instead, their primary function is to support the leaves and flowers.

How Do Carrot Plants Grow?

Carrot plants are biennial, meaning they complete their life cycle in two years. In the first year, they produce leaves and roots. The leaves form a rosette at ground level while the roots grow deep into the soil.

In the second year, flower stems grow from the center of the rosette. The flowers are typically white or pink and form an umbel shape. After the flowers are pollinated, they produce seeds that can be used for planting in the next growing season.


Can you eat carrot stems?

Yes, you can eat carrot stems. However, they are not commonly consumed as their flavor is bitter and somewhat unpleasant.

How do you harvest carrots?

To harvest carrots, wait until they reach maturity, which is typically 60-80 days after planting. Gently pull them out of the soil by tugging on the leaves.

How deep do carrot roots grow?

Carrot roots can grow up to 1 meter deep into the soil.

Do carrot plants require a lot of water?

Yes, carrot plants require consistent moisture to grow properly. Be sure to water them regularly and deeply.


In conclusion, while we primarily enjoy the delicious roots of the carrot plant, its stems shouldn’t be overlooked. Understanding how the roots and stems function and grow can help us appreciate this versatile vegetable even more. Whether you’re growing your own or enjoying them in your favorite dish, carrots are a nutritious and delicious addition to any diet.